What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition that affects the tooth’s supporting and surrounding soft tissues. In its advanced stages, the disease can eventually affect the jawbone itself. The term “periodontal” means “around the tooth.”  We are proud to offer professional gum disease treatment in Eagle, CO

Gingivitis is a disease of the gum tissue that leads to periodontal disease. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. It becomes more challenging to treat and remove the gum pockets that a bacterium has colonized. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that leads to the destruction of the tissues in and around the jawbone. It can cause shifting teeth, loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss if left undetected.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated. It is advised to have gum disease treatment

Types of Periodontal Disease

If left unaddressed, gingivitis can spread below the gum line. A chronic inflammatory response causes the body to break down and destroy its bone and soft tissue when the gums become irritated by the toxins in plaque. Periodontal disease causes the teeth to separate from the gum tissue, so there might be no symptoms. Soft tissue and bone are being destroyed by periodontal disease, which can be seen in the deeper pockets between the teeth.

Here are some of the most common types of periodontal disease:

  • Chronic periodontitis – Gum recession can be caused by inflammation within supporting tissues. It may appear the teeth are lengthening, but in actuality, the gums (gingiva) are receding. The most common form of periodontal disease is characterized by progressive loss of attachment, followed by periods of rapid progression.
  • Aggressive periodontitis – There is a form of gum disease in someone who is otherwise healthy. It is characterized by rapid loss of gum attachment, chronic bone destruction, and familial aggregation.
  • Necrotizing periodontitis – Individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV, immunosuppression and malnutrition are more likely to have this type of periodontal disease. Necrosis (tissue death) occurs in the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and gingival tissues.
  • Periodontitis caused by systemic disease – This form of gum disease can begin at a young age. Respiratory disease, diabetes, and heart disease are among the common cofactors.

Periodontal Disease Or Gum Disease Treatment

A wide range of surgical and non-surgical treatments can be performed by the periodontist if necessary. Before any treatment is performed or recommended, the dentist will do a complete periodontal exam of the mouth. If there are any signs of inflammation, The dentist will advised the gum disease treatment

Here are some of the more common periodontal disease or gum disease treatment :

  • Scaling and root planing – To preserve the health of the gum tissue, the bacteria and calculus (tartar) that initially caused the infection must be removed. The gum pockets will be treated with antibiotics to get rid of the infections. A prescription mouthwash may be incorporated into daily cleaning routines.
  • Tissue regeneration – Regeneration can be encouraged using grafting procedures when the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed. To assist in the regeneration process, a membrane may be placed into the affected areas.
  • Pocket elimination surgery – Pocket elimination surgery is a surgical treatment that can reduce the pocket size between the teeth and gums. Surgery on the jawbone is another option that eliminates indentations in the bone, which fosters the colonization of bacteria.
  • Dental implants – The dentist can use prosthetic teeth to restore the look and function of the mouth after it has been damaged by periodontal disease. Before the placement of a dental implant, tissue regeneration procedures may be required to strengthen the bone.

If you have a question or concern about periodontal disease or want to know more about how we can help with gum disease treatment, please get in touch with our office. We offer the best periodontal disease treatment in Eagle CO. 

Exemplary Dentistry, Extraordinary Results.

Call (970) 471-5331

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